Climate change is real and here to stay with us, with business as usual (BAU) projection show an extreme increase of climate impacts a global level and most impacts experienced by global south population whose contribution to climate change is insignificantly. Moreover, climate change impacts are different felt globally with respect adaptability level of the particular populations, again global south including Tanzania being limited with adaptation options as of inadequate technology and financial stability. Thus, Tanzania is highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, thus needs to put in place adaptation actions in order to safeguard development gains and achieve its development targets. This calls for concerted efforts at different levels, if at all we want to combat climate change.
Article 4.2 of the Paris Agreement sets an obligation which requires “each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDC) that it intends to achieve”. While Article 7.10 of the Paris Agreement underlines that “Party should submit and update periodically an adaptation communication, which may include its priorities, implementation and support needs, plans and actions, without creating any additional burden for developing country”
The government of the United Republic of Tanzania has made a good progress on development of the key national climate change frameworks in line with its international commitments under the UNFCCC. This include review of Nationally Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) 2021/26 which has recently launched on 4th June 2021. Moreover, the finalization of the updated National Determined Contribution (NDC) which is expected to be submitted to the UNFCCC before the upcoming COP 26 scheduled for November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland.
Following this development and the need to ensure all key stakeholders are kept well-informed of the progress and process of the updated NDC for effective cooperation during implementation, the government of the united republic of Tanzania is currently putting together efforts in collaboration with with various partner to undertake awareness sessions on the updated NDC in order to provide stakeholders with a good understanding of the scope (i.e. content) and proposed implementation arrangement.
The sessions are meant to highlight key contents of the NDC including development processes, levels of ambition i.e. GhG emission reduction target, key target sectors under adaptation and mitigation domains, indicative activities, stakeholder engagements and Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting arrangements.
NDC is more of centralized and this make it not well known and integrated amongst potential practitioners’ efforts from national to local levels and thus suggested a need of its decentralization through awareness and capacity building amongst stakeholders. It is on this basis that the Vice President’s Office Mainland in collaboration with the First Vice President Office in the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, UNDP and Climate Action Network Tanzania (CAN TZ), came to see need of organizing and undertaking stakeholder’s awareness workshop for government and non-government stakeholders (MDAs, CSOs, development partners, research and academia institutions, local government authorities, faith-based organization and community representatives as well as private investors) in Zanzibar (Unguja and Pemba) where more than 80 participants took part into this important and valuable workshop towards the fight against climate change.
The session in Pemba gathered more than 80 participants and led by the permanent secretary at First Vice President Office-RGoZ Ms Khadija Khamis Rajab accompanied with Director of Environment-FVPO-DoE Ms Farhat Mbarouk and Director of Zanzibar Environment Management Authority (ZEMA) Mr Sheha Mjaja for the 2-day workshop. It was an opportunity for majority of the participants to be exposed into why this NDC and undertaken process for its development as well as roles of each partners on NDC implementations, this was also and opportunity for authority clarification on climate change issues to participants where forwards were set on collaboration and communication improvement amongst partners and stakeholders. Both NDC and its implementation plans were presented to participants followed with detailed discussion so as to make sure everyone in the room leave with no banning issues with regards to ND and its implementation plans.
It is through these sessions where every invited entity was able to analyzed and figure their roles and responsibilities into realization of the developed NDC targets.
This initiative intends to reach more and more stakeholders in from both Zanzibar and mainland; this is to call for an inclusive and participatory realization of NDC commitments and targets by communicating NDC implementation arrangement where everybody have to play role in this accordingly and lastly to ensure effective communication for effective monitoring, evaluation and reporting of NDC integrated interventions amongst stakeholders.